Breakfast In Iraq


In recent years, breakfast has become a luxury for the people of Iraq. Economic sanctions imposed by the U.N. in 1991 devastated the country’s day-to-day food supply. The much maligned oil-for-food program established in 1995 seemed to create more controversy than relief. The program was terminated in 2003 – the same year that Iraq was invaded by a U.S. led coalition. In 2006, traditional Iraqi breakfasts remain a rarely mentioned casualty of war.

Under the regime of Saddam Hussein, breakfast had already been in danger. During the last five years of his rein, it was reported that 400,000 Iraqi children under the age of five died of malnutrition and disease. Beyond killing breakfast eaters, the regime was literally killing breakfast. Substantiated stories tell us that Saddam Hussein ordered the clearing of millions of date palms in an effort to root out snipers during the Iran-Iraq War. As you’ll see, dates are a very important part of the Iraqi breakfast experience.

In this report, we concentrate on Iraqi breakfast as it was before foreign military intervention, as it still is when the ingredients are available, and as we hope it will resurface in the very near future.

Until 1918, Iraq was known as Mesopotamia which translates to “land between rivers”. The Tigris and Euphrates rivers dissect the country and the Iraqi population is narrowly concentrated around an agricultural belt along these rivers. While Iraq receives relatively little rainfall, the soil around the rivers is well-suited to grow many crops important to breakfast including wheat, figs, dates, citrus fruits, melons, beans, onions and various herbs. Arid regions are of Iraq are better suited for growing barely, an important grain especially during times of drought.

About 10% of Iraq is suitable for grazing livestock. Sheep and goat outnumber cattle, making sheep and goat milk (and cheeses) more common breakfast options than their cow-made counterpart. Buffalo milk and cheeses are also popular even though the number of buffalo in Iraq are dwarfed by the previously mention livestock.

Approximately 95% of the Iraqi population is Muslim. Of those, 54 percent are Shi’ite, and 41 percent are Sunni. The main difference between the Shi’ite and Sunni sects is a conflicting belief regarding the rightful heirs to Muslim authority, a conflict which dates back to the early history of the Muslim religion. Despite the well-known hostility between the groups, they share similar Muslim beliefs, observe the same religious holidays and eat the same breakfasts.

Until recently, a fair number of Jews called Iraq home. In fact, nearly one quarter of the population of Baghdad was Jewish during the 19th century. In 1948, the Iraqi Jewish community was estimated at 150,000. But that number has now dwindled to the low hundreds. While your average Muslim in Iraq may not be a fan of the Jews, they are quietly prone to enjoy Jewish-inspired cuisine and this is occasionally reflected at the breakfast table.

Iraqi cuisine is strongly influenced by neighboring countries, Turkey and Iran. One food write generalized Iraqi meals as “a blend of standard Arabic cuisine with Persian influences and Turkish influence in the north.”

Breakfast in Iraq is typically a light meal. Egg dishes are fairly common. Breakfast cereals are not.

Like many countries, Iraq’s primary breakfast staple is bread. A flat bread known as khubz and an oval-shaped bread loaf called samoon are found individually or in tandem at most meals. At breakfast, bread is enjoyed with butter, jam, honey, cheese, Libna (yogurt with olive oil), date molasses, sesame paste and pretty much everything else available that you can put on bread or dip bread in. Bread also acts as key component in most breakfast recipes that are considered uniquely Iraqi.

Gaymer (Sometimes Found as “Geimer “)

Gaymer is the word for very creamy, thick white cream made from buffalo milk. A familiar counterpart would be the better-known clotted cream. The most common use of this cream in Iraq is in a recipe called Gaymer Wa Dibis. In this dish, bread pieces are dipped into both gaymer and dibis (the Arabic word for the date syrup). Like many Iraqi breakfast favorites, Gaymer Wa Dibis is often enjoyed from communal trays, with fingers acting as the only utensils. Some Iraqis prefer honey to date syrup. Others might add candied apricot to their Gaymer Wa Dibis. There are even variations with yogurt, olives and cheeses replacing the traditional ingredients.


A breakfast dish of Jewish Babylonian descent called Kahi is another favorite in Iraq. A relative of baklava, kahi consists of very thin folded layers of filo-style dough that is baked and then drenched with honey or a flavored sugar syrup called sheera (not to be confused with the breakfast porridge from India of the same name). Kahi is sometimes eaten with the above mentioned gaymer cream.

In Iraq, it’s customary for the mother of a new bride to bring breakfast (usually Kahi) to the home of her new son-in-law the morning after the wedding.


In northern and central Iraq, beans play an important roll in breakfast. A traditional bean dish of Maltese descent called bigilla is popular as both a breakfast dish and a snack.

The main ingredient of bigilla is a special type of broad beans called “ful ta girba”. The beans are soaked overnight and mixed with olive oil and other ingredients to form a paste or dip. Bigilla is almost always served with bread. A common breakfast variation is to serve the bigilla over torn pieces of bread with a fried egg on top.

Ramadan Breakfast

Muslim Iraqis celebrate Ramadan the entire ninth month of the Muslim year. During Ramadan, no food or water may be consumed from sunrise to sunset. Muslims believe fasting makes them stronger in their faith and helps them identify with the poor and hungry.

Breakfast during Ramadan is called suhur and it must be eaten before dawn. Suhur usually consists of grains, seeds, dates, bananas, and other foods that are considered slow to digest since their next meal may as many as 16 hours away.

Other Iraqi Breakfast Favorites

A few other items you might find for breakfast in Iraq include pastries filled with dates, omelets and other egg dishes, candied oranges, rice topped with egg, chicken, various soups, bananas and melons.

Bacon, sausage and ham are very rarely seen in Iraq as Muslims are forbidden by God to eat pork.

The most popular breakfast drinks in Iraq are coffee and tea. Most Iraqis brew their coffee thick and bitter, and take it black. Tea is most often sweetened and served in small glasses. Fruit juices are also popular.

The following Iraqi Breakfast Recipes are available at Mr

– Makhlama bil Sbenagh (Iraqi Spinach Omelet)

– Sheera (Date Syrup)

– Gaymer Wa Dibis (Buffalo Cream & Date Syrup)

– Kahi (Breakfast Pastry)

– Bigilla (Breakfast Bean Paste)

If you’d ever like to make these Iraqi dishes for a friend, you may want to tell that friend about a great Iraqi custom: It is not fit to return the neighbor’s dish empty. From sharing breakfast from communal trays to making sure no good breakfast deed goes unrewarded, the tradition of breakfast in Iraq should show us that most Iraqis are decent people.

Editorial By Mr Breakfast

The Iraqi people may not like us too much sometimes. They may see American men as gluttons and American women as sluts. But you know what? When I’m in a bad mood, sometimes I see the world that way too. A lot of Westerners generalize the Iraqi people as the enemy. That’s what you do when you’re dragged into war. But we have to remember that in the end, we’re all just people… we all go to sleep at night and we all get up in the morning. And through it all, when we wake, the first thing our bodies crave is not democracy, religious solidarity or blood… it’s breakfast… one meal… one important way that we might find that it’s better to learn about cultures and possibly even respect them, before we blindly consider them weird or immoral and denounce them. May breakfast bring our nations closer together as it does our families. Amen (The same closing for both Christian and Muslim prayer, although in Iraq it is often spelled “Aameen” and spoken with rolling gargle sound after the first syllable).


Modern Hair Brushes to Style Every Kind of Hair


Many years ago women thought that the recipe for beautiful hair was to brush it nightly 100 times. Today we know that this amount of brushing is not a good thing as it could damage the hair. Now we have advanced hair care products to suit every possible type of hair and solutions to every sort of hair problem imaginable. Modern hair brushes, which are probably somewhat different to your grannies hairbrush, are just one product amongst a host of products produced by the billions of dollars haircare industry.

Every city and town across the country has hairdressing salons and independent stylists. Among the thousands of products available both within salons and from the store are shampoos and cream rinses, numerous products for styling different types of hair, things to straighten curly hair and things to curl straight hair. Then there are all the various hair colors, from highlights to all over colors in every shade you can imagine, natural and not so natural. Although there have been made advances in haircare and the products developed, nobody has yet found a better way to tidy and style hair than the good old hairbrush or comb.

Some upmarket stores sell hairbrushes that are still made the old-fashioned way with natural bristles but as these brushes tend to be quite expensive, many opt for the brushes made from synthetic materials that are available everywhere. Different shapes and design of hair brush are made to suit different types of hair and styling requirements. A small regular brush that can easily be tucked into a handbag is fine for short hair in a wash and wear style, while high maintenance long hair that needs to be blow-dried needs a large circular brush to simplify drying. There are specialist brushes made to detangle Afro-Caribbean woolly curls and gentle, soft bristled brushes to brush fine and thin hair without scratching the scalp.

Whatever type of hair brush you choose is not going to be a cure all solution to your hair care problems but with the wealth of innovative hair care products available in the marketplace today you are sure to be able to solve any hair issues you have without much difficulty.


Apple Computer – Steve Jobs’ Success Story


“We started out to get a computer in the hands of everyday people, and we succeeded beyond our wildest dreams.”

– Steve Jobs, Co-Founder of Apple Computer Inc., 1976.

Steve Jobs was adopted to a family in Mountain View, California. While still in high school, Jobs interest in electronics prompted him to call William Hewlett of Hewlett-Packard to ask for some parts for a school project. Hewlett provided the parts and then made an offer to Jobs to intern at Hewlett-Packard for a summer. There, Jobs met Steve Wozniak, a talented and knowledgeable engineer five years older than the high school student. Their friendship would eventually be the foundation on which Apple was built.

Jobs dropped out of Reed College after one semester and went to work for Atari designing games. He carefully saved the money he earned while working at Atari so that he could take a trip to India and sate his bourgeoning interest in the spiritualism of the East.

After returning home from India, Jobs and Wozniak renewed their friendship. Jobs was shown a small computer that Wozniak had been working on as a hobby, but Jobs saw its potential immediately and persuaded Wozniak to go into business with him. In 1975, at the age of 20, Jobs went to work in his parents’ garage with Wozniak working on the Apple I prototype.

The Apple I sold modestly, but well enough to be able to go to work on the Apple II. In 1977, the new model was put on sale. With a keyboard, colour monitors and user-friendly software, Apple became a success. The company made $3 million in their first year and had surpassed $200 million in their third.

However, in addition to the Apple III and its successor the LISA not selling as well as had been hoped and a marked increase in competition in the sale of PCs, 1980 saw Apple lose almost half of its sales to IBM. Things got worse for Jobs in 1983 when a fight with the directors got him kicked off the board by the CEO, John Sculley, whom Jobs himself had hired.

In 1984, as a response to the sharp decline in sales, Jobs released the Apple Macintosh which introduced the world to the point-and-click simplicity of the mouse. The marketing for the Mac was handled poorly and with a price tag of $2,500, it was not finding its way into the homes for which it had been designed. Jobs tried to repackage the Mac as a business computer, but without a hard-drive or networking capabilities, not to mention only a small capacity for memory, corporations were not interested. In 1985, without any power in his own company, Jobs sold his stock in Apple and resigned.

Later in 1985, Jobs began NeXT Computer Co. with the money he’d made from the sale of his stock in Apple. He planned to build a computer to change the way research was done. The NeXT computer, though complete with processing speeds previously unseen, unmatched graphics, and an optical disk drive, at $9,950 each, sold poorly.

Persistent after the failures of the NeXT venture, Jobs began toying with software and started to focus his attention on a company he’d bought from George Lucas in 1986, Pixar Animation Studios. Jobs signed a three-picture deal with Disney, and began working on the first computer-animated feature. Released in the fall of 1995, it had taken “Toy Story” four years to be made. But the work had been well worth it, the film was an incredible success. Pixar went public in 1996, and in one day of trading, Jobs 80% share had become worth $1 billion.

Apple was struggling, having failed to design a new Macintosh operating system, and the company only held 5% of the PC market. Days after Pixar went public, Apple bought NeXT for $400 million and renamed Jobs to the board of directors to advise Gilbert F. Amelio, the chairman and CEO. However, in March of 1997, Apple recorded a quarterly loss of $708 million, and Amelio resigned a few months later. Jobs was left in charge as interim CEO and it was up to him to keep the same company he had started and which had ousted him alive. So he made a deal with Microsoft. With an investment $150 million for a small stake in Apple, Apple and Microsoft would “cooperate on several sales and technology fronts”, and Apple would be assured their continuation in the PC market.

Jobs also went to work improving the quality of the Apple computers. The introduction of the G3 Power PC microprocessor made the Apple faster than those computers operating on Pentium processors. Apple also turned its energies toward producing an inexpensive desktop, the iMac, that was another hit for the company. With Jobs once again in control, Apple was able to quickly turn itself around, and by the end of 1998, was bringing in $5.9 billion in sales. Jobs had returned to his first love, a little older and a little wiser. He had made Apple healthy again and returned it to a place where it was contributing new and innovative technologies to the computer world.


The Ten Steps to Self-Reliance


The best way to succeed in today’s crazy economic environment is to become as self-reliant as possible. In order to succeed, you must be different and interesting…you need to make your mark. No matter what the state of the economy, you need to know who you are, your strengths, talents, skills and what you want to achieve. You must then become focused, actively engaged and passionate about attaining your goal. This is the essence of “being self-reliant.” The following ten steps will take you a long way in your journey of becoming a more self-reliant individual.

1. It all begins with becoming self-aware. You must identify values, beliefs, feelings and emotions as well as other personal attributes that help you clearly pinpoint your strengths, weaknesses and differentiating factors of self. When you truly know who you are, it colors your decision-making process in the most correct shade of truth for you.

2. Self-inquiry must be high on your list because of the importance of having an inquisitive mind in an age where knowledge is the currency, which buys success. Seeking information from many sources and staying informed, opens up many more possibilities.

3. Commitment to life-long learning is key. Your focus on personal development must be a never-ending process. Your ability to learn and continually expand your skills will be the most important ability to perfect, now and in the future.

4. You must explore and create opportunities. Your talent to exercise your research skills to identify, investigate, interpret, assess and seize the chance to make a significant impact will greatly affect your self-reliance.

5. Continual action planning must become second nature. Using your time effectively to identify steps needed to reach a goal, evaluate your progress and prepare contingency plans to help assure forward motion, are all important in providing the answer to the questions: Where am I now? Where do I want to be? What do I need to do to get there? How will I know when I have arrived?

6. Taking risks is a major part of the game. As you develop your self-reliance skills, you will become more comfortable at taking a myriad of risks, better at coping effectively with uncertainty, more creative and innovative, and better at adapting to ever changing circumstances.

7. Networking with others is the hallmark of the information age. Just like the network technology you use or come in contact with, you too must develop a network of relationships consisting of business associates, colleagues, mentors, coaches and friends. This type of support network will provide you with valuable advice and support. It will also provide an excellent feedback system for your innovative ideas, thoughts and concepts.

8. The political awareness to negotiate effectively will open doors for you as you learn to navigate in the new economy. Like it or not, it is very important for you to understand the power struggles, hidden tensions and location of power and influence within your organization. This awareness allows you to more effectively consider the interests and concerns of all stakeholders and increases your ability to reach “win-win” agreements.

9. The art of self-promotion is a positive attribute. Your ability to promote your strengths, talents and abilities for the greater good of the organization, in a convincing manner, is key to promoting your intellectual capital in an economy where knowledge is an absolute must, in the decision making process.

10. A self-reliant person must exercise leadership qualities. A self-reliant person does not stand around wondering what is happening. You must make things happen! You should help others as you have helped yourself.


Fix Mass Effect 2 Crash in Windows 7, Vista and XP


Are you playing Mass Effect 2 in Windows 7, Vista or Windows XP? Is your game crashing in the middle of the game play? If the answer to these questions is in affirmative you would have to fix settings in your PC and/or game to get rid of the problem. Unfortunately you are not alone facing this problem. A lot of other users are also found reporting the same issue in different technology help forums. Sometimes Mass Effect 2 crashes to desktop due to corruption in Windows registry while at other times it crashes due to the corrupted game files.

Here are given few steps which can help you fix crashing problem with the game.

Resume from the Previous Saved Time

To stop game crashes, resume the game from the last saved profile. Now continue playing the game and keep on saving the game profiles.

Repair ME 2 Registry Entries

Windows registry is a database where the operating system stores information about game in the form of entries. These entries are accessed every time the game is run on your system. The best way to fix Mass Effect 2 crash is to remove corruption in Windows registry. You can use a system utilities software that provides the feature of a registry cleaner.

Reinstall Microsoft.NET Framework

ME 2 requires Microsoft.NET Framework installed on your system. Due to corruption of Microsoft.NET Framework you may experience Mass Effect 2 crash.

Reinstall it to fix the problem.

Click Start | Control Panel.

Click Programs | Uninstall a Program.

Select “Microsoft.NET Framework” and click “Uninstall” button.

Follow the on screen wizard and restart your computer when the process completes.

Visit Microsoft website and download a fresh installer for Microsoft.NET Framework.

Run the downloaded file to install the product on your computer.

Configure System Volume Properties

To avoid Mass Effect 2 crashes, change the system volume properties by performing the steps given below:

Click Start | Control Panel.

Click Hardware and Sound | Sound.

From “Playback” tab, select your speaker and click “Properties”.

Click “Enhancements” tab.

Disable all the items listed there.

Click OK.

Again, select your speaker and click “Configure” button.

From “Audio Channels” select “Stereo” option.

Click Next.

Mark the box “Full Left and Right” box as checked and click Next.

Click Next | Finish | OK.

Set Real-time Priority

There is a process called the Realtime. Applying this setting can improve game performance. The steps are provided below:

Launch Task Manager by pressing Ctrl + Alt + Delete.

Click Processes tab.

Right click the process with name Mass Effect.

Select the option Set Priority | Realtime.

Restart it.


Chain Saw Bars – How to Tell When Yours Needs to Be Replaced


If you use your chain saw at all, eventually you’ll need to look into replacement chain saw bars.

Extended use, improper bar oil application, and dropping, bending or other damage to the bar can all necessitate bar replacement.

What do you need to know about bars in order to get the right one? And how can you maintain the current bar that you have now? This article will discuss these points.

How Do You Know When You Need to Look at Replacement Chain Saw Bars?

One way to tell if your bar needs replacement is simply to look at it carefully.

Is the bar visibly bent? Does the chain slip out of its track? Are you having issues with bar oil lubricating well? When you look at the track on the bar, does it look worn, with the track edges clearly chipped or otherwise deteriorated?

These are all signs that your bar needs replacement.

Of course, damage to the bar can occur if the saw is dropped. When cutting through large tree trunks or limbs the bar can become stuck in the saw groove, which can cause the bar to warp or bend. Do you notice your saw cutting or pulling to one side? These can all be signs that you need a new chain saw bar.

Bar oil is extremely important for the proper operation and maintenance of the saw, and if the bar oil reservoir is allowed to run dry, you can expect that you will be needing a new bar very soon.

If your chainsaw gets extended use, you will want to examine your bar closely at regular intervals to watch for track wear. Since most people use a saw to cut through wood with downward motion, the bottom of the saw bar takes the most pressure, and thus show wear first.

Things to Know Before Buying Replacement Chain Saw Bars

It would be nice if one-size-fit all, but unfortunately this doesn’t happen with chain saw bars.

There are many makes and models, and unless you’re a professional logger who is well-versed in the many variations of chainsaws and parts, then you’ll want to keep the same original size bar that your saw came with.

However, there are after-market bar companies providing new and improved bars that can replace your current bar. For example, the Cannon Bar Works company of Canada makes replacement bars for a number of saw models, and advertise that their bars are laser cut and milled with a unique flame hardening process to provide longer bar life.

To find a replacement bar, you’ll need to know your saw make and model number. You’ll also need to know the chain pitch and the chain gauge.

Chain pitch establishes the size of the chain. Common pitch sizes include ΒΌ inch,.325 inch and 3/8 inch. The drive sprocket also has to be the same pitch as the chain.

Chain gauge is basically the thickness of the drive link where it fits into the bar groove or track. Chain gauge and the groove bar gauge have to match. Common gauge sizes can be.050,.063 (measured in fractions of one inch), and so on.

You’ll need to know these numbers before you look at new bars.

Proper Care and Maintenance for Chain Saw Bars

The single most important thing you need to do to maintain your bar is keep the bar oil reservoir full!

Bar oil lubricates the chain while it is moving within the groove. Always use new bar and chain oil. Do not use motor oil or bar oil that has been “recycled.” Impurities and dirt in used oil can cause damage to your chain and saw.

A good rule of thumb is whenever you fill the gas tank on your saw, fill the bar oil as well.

Also, make sure that your new bar, sprocket and chain are properly installed and tightened, since improper installation can increase kickback potential.

What is Kickback and How Can It Be Prevented?

A new chain saw bar can be a big help in preventing kickback accidents.

Kickback is generally when the chain teeth on the tip of the saw bar “grab” the wood and “kick” the bar back toward the operator. This is often a quick and violent action and can be quite dangerous to the operator. (Imagine a saw in full power pivoting off your hands and coming right at you.)

Most chain saws have a tip guard. Some people will remove it, but it is a great safety feature! Maintain a firm grip on the saw at all times, and make sure your saw has the chain brake intact. Avoid sawing with the tip of your saw – use the blade near the motor as much as possible.

Do not saw between your feet when your standing on a log. Maintain your chain, keep it sharp. Chains that are dull are more prone to kickback.

There are even chains that are called “low-kickback,” which are designed for kickback prevention.

Shop online, or your local chain saw dealer can also provide you with suggestions to find the best replacement chain saw bar for your application.


4 Important Tips For New Affiliate Marketers


Affiliate marketing can be downright confusing, frustrating and costly for beginners – but it doesn’t have to be. Most people who are new to affiliate marketing don’t know how to get started so they end up jumping into a program or system that is not right for them. So they end up dropping that and move right on to the next quick money-maker.

After spending tons of money and getting no results, some of them scream that affiliate marketing is a fraud and scam – but this couldn’t be further from the truth. Internet marketing can be a very lucrative business for those who learn it, apply what they learn, and rinse and repeat these methods. The right marketing methods can produce a whirlwind of money leaving you wondering “what happened?” – in a good way of course.

Here are 4 Important Tips for the New Affiliate Marketers:

1. Do your research. With a little patience, planning, and hard work, affiliate marketing can be enjoyable and profitable. However, everyone who considers this business must REALLY do their research and decide if affiliate marketing if for them. The best way to determine this is to get proper training so you know the ins and outs of the business. There are SO many different ways to make money online so a newbie really should learn all they can so they know what their options are.

2. Find a good training program. The best way to learn is to choose one of the many programs out there that teach people how to become affiliate marketers – and stick to it. Don’t spend months and years switching from one program to the next. Choose one – and make it a good one – and follow all of their tools, tips and advice. You will be glad you did!

3. Understand that success will not be overnight. Yeah, most Internet marketers claim that you can make thousands of dollars your first day working online. Don’t believe the hype. This is another mistake most newbies make. Hard work and dedication is the only thing that will guarantee your success in this business. Keep realistic expectations and you’re more likely to succeed.

4. Don’t listen to nay-sayers. Keep negative people away. There will be people who tell you that you can’t make money online. If you believe what they say, you will not succeed. Believe in yourself and your goals and prove them all wrong! If you couldn’t make money online, believe me… it wouldn’t be such a HOT topic right now.

Follow these steps and save yourself some major headaches as you build your new and exciting affiliate marketing business!


The 5 Costly Mistakes to Avoid When Purchasing Formula 1 Tickets


‘ANGRY F1 FANS LEFT HIGH AND DRY AS TICKET COMPANY FAILS’, ‘SPA TICKET CONFUSION FOR THOUSANDS OF F1 FANS’. This is what can happen when innocent Formula 1 fans fall victim to fake ticket selling shops offering Formula 1 tickets that never arrive.

During the Formula 1 race year, a number of ticket selling scams typically pop up as online ticket selling shops. The most common ways F1 fans are scammed through these ticket shops is by paying in advance for tickets that never arrive. This is after paying a hefty amount for the ticket which includes paying for service charges and additional shipping fees.

Fake Formula 1 ticket selling scams can take many forms. Many of these scams look like legitimate companies that offer Formula 1 tickets but after the fans make the purchase, they never receive their tickets and later learn that the company was a scam. This is exactly what happened in June of 2012, when many F1 fans found themselves without tickets after they purchased tickets from a ticket shop known as ‘Simply The Ticket’ for the British GP at Silverstone. Many F1 fans that had intended to travel to Valencia for the European GP were scammed as tickets did not arrive despite paying for them. For example, Hayley Pearson who lives in Great Moulton, South Norfolk, had a few days off and had planned to go to the European Grand Prix. She decided to purchase her tickets from ‘Simply the Ticket’. She booked tickets on the site and then never received them. Another example was Ben Miller, who was set to take his girlfriend to Valencia for the F1 race but did not receive his tickets from the company either. Ben tried contacting ‘Simply The Ticket’ but was not able to be reached and there was news that the website had been taken down and the company had gone bust. What happened to Mrs. Pearson and Mr. Miller can also happen to you.

In another similar incident in August of 2012, the Dutch media reported that around 6,000 F1 fans who bought tickets for the Belgian Grand Prix at Spa-Francorchamps were not able to attend the event because their tickets did not arrive despite paying for them. If this was not enough, at the Indian GP event several F1 fans were duped by online ticketing vendors. The modus operandi of these fake F1 ticket vendors was simple. They claimed themselves as authorized ticketing partners, sending SMS messages saying “You have won a free Forumla-1 ticket in the India Grand Prix mobile draw promo”. This even led the organizers of the Indian GP to issue a warning to F1 fans to be aware of the scamsters selling F1 tickets at a lower price. These scams could have been easily avoided if the fans were aware of all the official ticketing partners or could have checked the details behind the ticket sellers carefully. Unfortunately, not many F1 enthusiasts have the ability to perform background checks on ticket selling shops and thus could possibly be left outside the gates on race day either without tickets or with fake tickets. Not a good situation.

If this can happen to over 6,000 people, it can happen to you. No matter the stories, the fake F1 ticket selling shops seem to involve websites that ask you to pay money and then don’t get back to you with your tickets. The sad truth is there is often little or no recourse to get your money back if the tickets don’t arrive or are not legitimate. To get the full report which details the most common F1 ticket buying mistakes and how to avoid them, go here:


Dubstep Mixing Guide – Kick and Bass Mixing


In this part we are going to look at the Low cut, and mixing the kick and the bass drum.

Low Cut

First things first, you will want to add a low cut filter on EVERY track except the bass. You can set this where ever you like but should not be any lower than 90hz other wise there will be frequencies interfering with the bass. At around 200hz you will start to lose punch, and 3-400 will cut out muddiness.

Mixing the kick By adding a low cut at 70/100hz, using aggressive compression with a ratio of 6 to 8:1 and a very fast attack setting (1.5 – 3.5 ms), with about 8DB gain reduction then adding a 3/4DB mid boost (3-5khz) and high boost (6-8khz) the kick drum will stand out a lot more in the dubstep mix. Power tip: When using compression on dubstep the attack can be the most important factor. The common mistake people make when starting out is to use a lot of attack thinking that improves the sound, however the attack function is actually the control of how fast the compressor starts to work, effectively a long attack on a punchy sound will have no compression effect.

By using 1-4 ms on dubstep kicks and dubstep snares you are allowing the natural ‘snap’ of the sound through (in the first few milliseconds) then the compressor jumps in and compresses the rest of the sound. The kick drum is the 2nd most important element of a dubstep track and should be the loudest part peaking at 0DB on a digital desk and +3DB on an analog desk. It might sound strange adding mids and tops on a ‘bass drum’ but if you listen carefully to a classic 909 kick you will notice a lot of its punch actually comes in the top frequencies, go ahead and run a low pass filter on a 909 and you’ll see that it sounds pathetic with out the top. This took me a while to learn, I used to low pass my kicks to around 200hz and could never get them sounding good.

This was because I presumed all the energy was coming at the bass end. Here are the attributes of the kick drum: The Boom: This is the low end area that hits you in the belly, is found around 80-110hz The Smack: This is the attack area of and the area that the hear hears most as defining hits, found in the 3-5khz range, I tend to use a fairly high boost of up to 5 or even 6 db using a wide Q. The Click: This works with the smack and massively helps define a kick drum in the mix, found in the 6-8khz range, again a wide boost in this area works well to define the drum. The muddy area: By cutting a thin band between 250hz -300hz you can effectively remove any unwanted mud (mud is essentially UN-clarity) Other compression recepies: Hard hitting: Ratio 8:1, 10db gain reduction, 3ms attack, 200ms release In your face: Ratio 6:1, 8db gain reduction, 2.5ms attack, 200ms release Subtle: Ratio 3:1, 6db gain reduction, 4ms attack, 200ms release Mixing the Bass: A good starting point is to have an EQ to remove any muddy area and a slight boost were it hits your most.

If your bass sounds light in comparison with the kick use a high cut to remove the top end, thus increasing the bottom end. Then run the EQ’d signal into a compressor with a ratio of around 4:1, fast attack, and gain reduction of 4db. Don’t get in to the mind set that you can’t EQ the sound in a certain way because it make the sound different from how it should sound, it has to work well with the kick and have its own space or the result will be a messy low end with clashing frequencies. You can make hard hitting / dirty dance music, that is also well produced and has good separation. The sub of the bass ranges from 30 – 60hz, but can creep up as far as 100hz. You must strive to get the sub right, as too much sub might sound wicked on a small system, but could blow the cones or amps and a larger system. A good way to check is to listen through headphones and for a few seconds turn them right up, the kick should be making them buzz, and the sub should be making them buzz the same amount. If they are really buzzing like they sound like they are going to break on the bass notes then roll off some sub by using a low shelf at 49khz with 2 or 3db of gain reduction will remove the excess energy in that region. It’s now a good idea to add an open hi hat, set a rough volume for it and then listen to see if there are any harmonics that shouldn’t be there between the real bass and the hats. If there is, again, using parametric, get hold of those frequencies in the bass and EQ them out.


Learn Japanese – Easy Onomatopoeia!


Learn Japanese fast! You’ve done a great job learning about Japanese onomatopoeia so far. Congratulations! Now, you know how to add some flair to your Japanese conversations by utilizing words that mimic the sounds they’re referring to. Just in case you need a review of Japanese onomatopoeia, this article is here for you! You’ll find a review of what you’ve learned so far in an easy-to-read chart format. You’ll also discover the Japanese word parapara (“here and there”) and how to use it as onomatopoeia. This is one Japanese onomatopoeia article you can’t afford to miss!

Vocabulary: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

natsukashii – “missed, desired, nostalgic”

Sanrio – “Sanrio” (a toy maker)

saku – “to bloom”

jugyoochuu – “while in class”

kyaku – “customer, guest”

kau – “to buy”

ie – “house”

chikaku – “near”

hanasu – “to speak, to talk” (class1 verb)

Grammar: In this article, you’ll learn the following words and phrases:

This lesson was designed to review the onomatopoeia you have learned up to Article 4.

Reviewing Onomatopoeia

kerokero – Onomatopoeia Article 2

wan –  Onomatopoeia Article 2

nyan –  Onomatopoeia Article 2

parapara –  Onomatopoeia Article 3

pechakucha –  Onomatopoeia Article 4

1. Sentence Without Onomatopoeia

Sakura ga saiteite kirei da yo.

“Cherry blossoms are blooming, and it’s so beautiful.”

2. Sentence with Onomatopoeia

Sakura ga parapara saiteite kirei da yo.

“Cherry blossoms are blooming here and there, and it’s so beautiful.”

In this sentence, we can translate parapara as “here and there” in English. Although it’s not clear how the cherry blossoms are blooming from the first sentence, the second sentence infers that the cherry blossoms have just started blooming and that they’re not at their peak yet.

1. Sentence Without Onomatopoeia

Hanasanaide kudasai.

“Please don’t talk.”

2. Sentence with Onomatopoeia

Pechakucha hanasanaide kudasai.

“Please stop clattering away.”

Pechakucha is the sound of people rattling on over trivial matters and has a negative connotation. So, the second sentence expresses the speaker’s annoyed feeling.