The Only Thing You Need For Success With Your Online Business


It sounds very trite to say there’s only one thing you need to succeed. Of course there are many things you will need to succeed at an online business. You need the know-how/ability, training and a good strategy for the long-term. But there is one overriding thing which sets the achievers apart from the drop-outs. The key is your attitude. Your mindset will determine whether your business is a success or not and in this article I am going to outline why mindset is such an important part of your business.

Henry Ford

Henry Ford’s famous quote ‘Whether you think you can, or you think you can’t – you’re right.” still holds true to this day. Belief is the controlling factor which determines whether or not you will even start out with a business venture. Without belief you will simply not even try. When things get tough remind yourself of this quote. Things will get tough. Those who stick it out for the long-term, no matter what this takes are the ones who reap the rewards. Everything starts with self belief, otherwise you will not even try. Not trying guarantees you to not succeed and you never fail until you quit, you simply learn (with the right attitude).

Mindset and Learning

Another popular quote is “If you keep doing what you have always done, you will keep getting what you’ve always gotten”. If you don’t think you need to change to bring about change, you will always be controlled by your attitudes and mindsets. Without changing yourself, it is very difficult to change your circumstances. Wise people don’t think they know it all. Having an attitude which questions your own beliefs is being open-minded. Having a mind closed to everything but what you already think you know, is being ‘set’ in your attitude. It’s very difficult to change if you think you know everything already. Empty your cup and see the world as a child again.

Your self-image controls you

A paradigm is a strongly held belief which controls your actions and thoughts. Many of our inner most beliefs control us without our awareness. Self-image is a controlling paradigm which holds us where we are in life. Unless we change our self-image, our circumstances are always bound to how we see ourselves. Whether it is a ‘poverty mindset’, a ‘poor me control drama’ or any other controlling paradigm, a poor self-image will always create more of what it believes itself worthy of. Self-image is often the stumbling block which stops us breaking through into the life we truly want. By becoming aware of our self-image, and changing it, we can shift this paradigm for greater success. Read Psycho-Cybernetics by Maxwell Maltz to learn more about self-image, and how to change it.

Attitude and Comfort Zones

Your business will also be controlled by your comfort zones. If your comfort zones are controlling your actions, you will find it hard to push through and attain more significant goals. Change happens outside comfort zones. Successful people know this and continually push themselves to new levels. Unless you are pushing yourself forwards, who is? One of the main goals of having your own business is to be autonomous and working for yourself. But unless you can also push yourself, you will always be constrained by what you prefer to do, rather than what you need to do. Again this comes down to your attitude and mindset. Are you motivated by success or stress? Whether you have a positive motivation ‘towards’ goal focused opportunities, or a negative motivation ‘away from’ stress, pain and fear, uncovering it can help you change and grow.

Positive Attitude

Having a positive attitude to what you are doing is obviously beneficial. You see obstacles as something to overcome which makes you stronger. It’s not that everyone is positive all the time. Quite the opposite. Everyone can become discouraged when things become difficult. It is how we deal with these difficulties which determines whether we will become successful or not at what we are doing.

Again this comes down to mindset. If you are discouraged, take a break and re-examine what is going wrong. Don’t just quit. Many people see roadblocks as insurmountable and just quit. Having the right mindset isn’t about always feeling positive. It is more about how you deal with your emotions and discouragements when they arise. The people who succeed with a online business don’t bury their head in the sand but instead see problems as opportunities for growth and to learn how to better understand their business and themselves.

Self Improvement

Self improvement can cover a wide range of things. But if you are in business for yourself, and are not improving yourself on a consistent basis, you can bet your business is taking the brunt of your lack of awareness. When you work for yourself, you are unaware of what you don’t know. How do you know the best practices for everything you are doing? Where do you get your inspiration and knowledge about how to effectively grow your business? Unless you are plugged into a community of other entrepreneurs and forward thinkers, it can be easy to rest on your laurels and fall behind. If your business isn’t going well, you can guarantee that improving your knowledge of your best business practices, is the best way to improve things. Everything comes from you when you work for yourself. You are the limiting factor in all the results of your life. People with successful businesses take self growth seriously and constantly invest in themselves, and not just in their business.

So although a successful online business also requires a lot of learning, tools, systems and technology, the main thing you can do to improve your business is to improve yourself. Having a positive mindset is not just about thinking positive and hoping for the best. There are a bunch of practical applications which can dramatically improve yourself and therefore your business too. This starts with mindset and attitude. Keep learning and never stop.

“A wise man can learn more from a foolish question than a fool can learn from a wise answer” – Bruce Lee

Motivation and Optimism

Keeping your motivation and optimism high is difficult to do alone. We are social creatures. Doing it all by yourself can become difficult over long periods. We need others to motivate us and to help us. Having a long-term focus for your online business is important for this too. Unless we can become part of something bigger than ourselves it is easy to fall into disillusionment and apathy. By regularly plugging yourself into a community or focus group of some kind you can keep up the momentum for your business.

Without keeping your motivation up, your mindset can dwell on the negative. You can doubt yourself and your business. Before long doubting friends can pull you down. Keeping your mindset positive is an important part of growing your online business. To do this you need to be around other positive people who have similar goals. If you are surrounded by naysayers who doubt you and don’t really want to see you succeed, they can easily get the better of you over time. Stay positive by being around other positive people.

Set goals and hold yourself accountable to them. Make the small steps you take each day lead you to your long-term goals and visions.


Professional Interior Photographer Shares the Advantages of Electronic Flash Lighting Systems


Fine lighting for architectural photography and interior photography makes a huge difference in the effectiveness of the architectural photograph, whether it be for commercial photography to advertise an architectural or interior product; hotel/resort photography to advertise the hospitality market; interior design photography for the interior designer, or Architectural photography for the architect or builder. In today’s competitive market place, architects, interior designers and the hospitality industry are all in need of a good interior photographer to make their projects stand out from the crowd.

The ubiquitous trend in interior photography recently (since the digital age) is to use little or no lighting and to rely mostly, if not exclusively, on the ambient light (natural existing light) combining the exposures in HDR software or PhotoShop layers. This technique, although popular and easy, results in a flat and uninteresting look that lacks drama and interest, therefore, presenting a very common or even banal appearance. No software technique can replace the beauty of fine lighting in interior photography; interesting lighting can only be achieved through the use of supplemental lights. A good interior photographer doesn’t light just because of technical requirements, because that is seldom the case these days, but rather lights to create beautiful interior photographs with life, style, drama and excitement.

Lighting for interiors is a complicated issue; it is indeed an art in itself. When photographing interiors, the interior photographer must be able to control the effect of the existing light and balance it to the ambient light as well as the other brighter light sources, and for this, a high powered flash lighting system offers the most flexibility and control.

A flash system enables one to balance the exposure range with the existing light, whether it be for residential interior photography, hotel photography, commercial photography or a large industrial facility. For instance, when strong sunlight is pouring into the space, or when there is an exterior view through a window that must be retained in the photograph, the use of a powerful electronic flash will make all the difference in the clarity, contrast and visual interest of the space. Electronic flash will allow one to “over power” or balance to, strong ambient light and this system also allows one to have total control over the ratio, or the effect of the artificial lights to the ambient, which is essential in creating lighting effects and to control the “look and feel” of the space, especially in smaller spaces such as in residential interior photography. For example, if the day was overcast and one wanted the illusion of strong sunlight streaming in through the window, an effective technique would be to shoot a light through a window, or use a strong, direct flash head for a main interior light to create strong shadows and highlights. Conversely, if there was strong sunlight pouring into the room and one didn’t want to “burn out” the area that was illuminated by that direct sunlight, one would use electronic flash to bring the level of the room light up to the level of the sunlight, so there is a pleasing, natural balance. There is an exposure balance when the exposure time (keyed from the brighter light) and the f-stop, (keyed off the flash exposure) are in balance. If the exposure range is too extreme, or If there is an exterior view through a window that is important to capture in the interior photograph, one can expose separately for the brighter areas, including the light sources (wall sconces, chandeliers, etc.) and then blend the layers together using post production Photoshop techniques and layer masking.

Another advantage with electronic flash lighting is that one can put corrective filters over them to balance with the dominate light source, which is invaluable in corporate or industrial interiors, due to the fact that they are frequently lit by fluorescent fixtures or some variation of metal halide which produce a very flat and uninteresting quality of light. In this lighting scenario, a Rosco ½ green correction filter along with varying degrees of warming filtration (Rosco 1/2CTO) over the flash heads will color balance the 5000 – 5500 K of the flash heads to the fluorescents. If the scene is mostly illuminated by tungsten light, the interior photographer would put a Rosco 1/2 CTO over the flash head (or maybe a ¼ CTO filter if it’s a daylight and tungsten mix).

Using these lighting techniques with a flash lighting system, will allow the architectural or interior photographer total control of the lighting effect, thereby having the ability to define his or her own personal style of lighting. Bringing a higher standard of lighting to the shoot will also serve your client better, as it distinguishes the level of their presentation and marketing value of their hotel, interior product or interior project. Fine lighting plays a key compositional role in high quality architectural photography and it should be considered a critical visual element over which one should exercise total control.


Google Chrome Keeps Crashing – How to Fix It


There are many reasons for Google Chrome crashing. One of the reasons could be an old version of Internet Download Manager. To resolve the crash due to this reason, update to IDM v6.03 beta, or disable the ‘Advanced browser integration’ option within IDM by going to go to Options and then General.

If your Google Chrome is crashing when trying to print on an Asus EeePC with an out-dated version of Asus WebStorage, you can solve this by downloading the latest version of ebStorage.

Another common cause for the crash is the incompatibility of Google Chrome with much software, to solve this, current approach is to try and disable the software or try getting an updated and latest version of it to see if this resolves the issue. Different software which have been identified so far being incompatible to Google Chrome are out-dated versions of iS3 anti-spyware (STOPzilla), NVIDIA Network Access Manager, NVIDIA nTune,NOD32 version 2.7, Hide My IP, Venturi Firewall, out-dated versions of WinMount and PPLive. There have been incompatibility issues causing crashes reported with NVIDIA Desktop Explorer caused by the nvshell.dll library. You can try to resolve this by removing nvshell.dll.

Another common cause for the crash is the user profile of your browser being corrupted. You can fix this problem by creating a new user profile to replace the corrupt one by following the steps below.

  1. Completely exit from Google Chrome
  2. Go to the Start menu > Run.
  3. Type in either of the following directories in the text field and press OK.
    • Windows XP: %USERPROFILE%Local SettingsApplication DataGoogleChromeUser Data
    • Windows 7 or Windows Vista: %USERPROFILE%AppDataLocalGoogleChromeUser Data
  4. Rename the folder called “Default” in the directory window to “Backup default.”

Open the Google Chrome again which will create a new “Default” folder automatically, which should resolve the problem.


SEO-Friendly Headlines: Are You "There" Yet?


Headlines. How often do we optimize them for Search Engines? Ask the busiest of SEO experts and writers and they’ll tell you that client brief varies- of course- in more ways than one. If a well optimized headline is something which everyone is rooting for then how do you make it unique? Today, we will be throwing light on ways to draft SEO friendly headlines. Read on in order to find out more in this regard.

It’s the SEO Company hired by you which will probably instill the “significance of headlines” in you. And, after a thorough discussion with them you should be able to put things in the right perspective – of what that 50-character title can do for your entire article or blog. It needs to stoke interest, build trust and stay true to the essence of the blog as well.

What do headlines mean for your story?

Additionally, headlines have the crucial responsibility of guiding search engines what the audiences are looking for. As brands clamor for better visibility for search queries, they should duly acknowledge the role of headlines to bolster their efforts. Mostly, search queries are two or four words long including proper keywords. Of course, besides matching the most common relevant queries, the headlines thus used by you should be unique as well.

Keywords might as well be considered a very important part of SEO-rich headlines. If you cannot possibly insert the exact keywords like “DJ Long Island”, or “benefit concert New York”, you can at least include short phrases that are closely related to your write-up. So, instead of “benefit concert New York”, you might as well have “benefit concert” or “earthquakes” or “DJ” and so on.

Bylines. If the blog is written by a well-known name (for example a famous columnist or an author), then SEO experts should focus on optimizing the byline as well because that’s something which is likely to bring the followers of the author to your story. Please make sure that you are using the author’s full name instead of just his/her first name.

Search terms tend to include a lot of common names or proper nouns. Consider using names of places, people and organizations in your story (of course only if they fit there) and in such a fashion, you would definitely be able to cater to a greater number of search queries. If possible, use those proper names in your headlines as well.

Be warned against over use

You must be careful about not going overboard with your attempts at coming up with SEO-friendly headlines. Your job at the end of the day is to grab attention with the help of unique and interesting headlines. Attaching way too much importance to SEO might turn out to be counterproductive.


What Are Some Pet Names In Spanish Or Romantic Names to Call Your Lover?


If you are looking for pet names in Spanish to use with your “novio” or “novia,” in this article you will find plenty of pet names or romantic names in the Spanish language that you can use to call your lover, boyfriend, girlfriend or significant other. Here’s a list that I have compiled of some of the most common names that I have heard Spanish speakers from Latin America use to express affection. For many of them, I have also added the diminutive.

1. corazón, mi corazoncito – heart, my heart

2. príncipe/princesa/mi princesita – prince, princess, mi princess

3. mi rey/reina/mi reinita – my king, queen, my queen

4. cariño, mi cariño – caress, my caress

5. mi príncipe azul – my prince charming but literally “my blue prince”

6. tesoro/mi tesorito – treasure, my little treasure

7. amor/mi amor/mi amorcito – love, my love, my little love

8. mi morenito/mi morenita – my dark complexion one

9. mi paisita – my paisa (“Paisa” is a person from Medellín, Colombia)

10. mi gringuito – my gringo

11. mi amiguito – my dear friend

12. mi vida – my life

13. osito – teddy bear

14. mami

15. cosita – lil thing

And diminutives are not reserved only for people. I have an “amiguita” here in Colombia who always refers to her dog as “mi animalito” or “my little animal.”

Although the “textbooks” will tell you that diminutives are only added to nouns, I have heard Spanish speakers add them to words that are not nouns in order to sound more affectionate. Por ejemplo (for example), “solo” becomes “solito”

Mi vida, me dejaste solito.

(My life, you left me all alone.)

And diminutives are not just reserved for “persons.” I have heard Spanish speakers throw them in any time that they want to sound more affectionate. Here are some examples:

“Mañana” becomes “mañanita”

Mi princesita, quiero verte esta mañanita.

My princess, I want to see you this morning.

“Carta” becomes “cartita”

Mi amor, te fuiste sin dejarme una cartita.

My love, you left without leaving me a letter.

“Beso” becomes “besito”

Mi corazoncito, dame un besito.

My heart, give me a little kiss.

My “x-novia” or “x-girlfirend” has an “apodo” (nickname) that people call her. Her “apodo” or nickname that they call her is “Barbie.” Can you guess what I call her when I am trying to sound affectionate?

I call her “mi barbicita”

And can you guess what she calls me? She calls me “mi negrito.”

Obviously, “mi negrito” is not considered offensive here in Colombia. But I would imagine that if I were to ask my dark-complexion Dominican friends in Nueva York, they’d probably all agree that “mi morenito” sounds better than “mi negrito.”

This end’s today’s Spanish lesson on pet names or romantic names in the Spanish language.


Online Jobs For Teens 15 Years of Age


Are you a 15 year old or know any 15 year olds that are looking for some work online and can not find it either do to lack of jobs, or actual laws, well there is work online in which your 15 year old can start working, believe it or not, there are actually1 2 year olds that are making small fortunes on the internet, so age is definitely not a factor when it comes to trying to make cash online.

The opportunity that is important for a 15 year old is something known as a paid survey. There are some people who believe these are scams, but overtime the consensus is coming to believe that this is a legitimate opportunity as it truly is. This is how it works:

There are multimillion dollar corporations out there that are willing to pay you big time to hear your opinion. What do they get out of it? They get to hear your opinion and to make their company better, you may give them new insight on what they can do differently, a view point in which they really did not see before, so in the end they’ll be quite successful.

You will be sent survey opportunity straight to your e-mail, so all you have to do is to check your e-mail and to immediately make sure that you have some opportunity to fill out some surveys.

Another thing that happens is the simple fact that you will have unlimited opportunity to succeed, as there will always be a need for consumers opinion as long as there are consumers! That’s why you should start today and start taking surveys immediately!


Alternative Weapons – Instinctive Self Defense


What form of self-defense could be more instinctive than using whatever ordinary objects around you to defend yourself against an attacker? Objects that were neither designed with self-defense in mind, nor specially carried for such a purpose by you. Objects that will neither raise the suspicion of Law Enforcement, nor take up any extra room since you would have had them either on your person or in your surroundings and environment anyway.

A person who has the right motivation, talent and will to survive can employ almost any object as a weapon.

Anything can become a weapon when your mind is the real weapon. Governments can’t ban it, customs can’t confiscate it and the only time you don’t have it is when you are asleep. This is the KEY lesson you should take away from this article.

In today’s anti-weapons climate many times and in many locations it’s impossible to carry a gun or knife (Courts, airports, etc). Even in your home at the time of a violent invasion you might not be close to your gun, or even knife.

Sometimes all you have left is your tactical creativity and your motivation and ability for thinking outside the box.

Your mind will always be your greatest weapon, not least of all because with your intelligence and ingenuity you can locate the most effective duel use objects to use as weapons during an assault. Your mind is a weapon, and with it you are never unarmed. Wherever you are I guarantee you you are surrounded by a multitude of potential weapons. Learn to spot them effectively.

While the will to use improvised weapons is often instinctive for the experienced fighter, the effectiveness of such improvised weapons can depend on how good an eye you have in not only quickly locating and choosing your improvised “weapon” but also on your ability to use that object in a way that will disable your attacker effectively (or allow you to escape the threat). And it is this ability that will increase only with proper training.

First a few thoughts on Natural Reactions:

Think of fights you might have seen yourself. What are the first natural reactions a person has when being attacked? First the person will put up his arms to block any attack, then they will instinctively grab for any object that can multiply the expediency of their own “god” given weapons (their body and limbs). Often one of the first such objects grabbed is a chair and it is used as a shield. If not a chair it will be another object that can be used as either a weapon or shield. It’s an instinctive and natural reaction displayed by seasoned fighters and people with no experience in self defense alike.

Often the manner in which the attacked will use the object depends on their mindset and/or level of aggression and the situation itself. For example some people when attacked will grab a chair and only use it as a shield. Other more aggressive fighters will instinctively begin hitting their attacker with the same chair and thus using it more as a striking weapon than merely a shield. Using the chair or other object as a striking weapon will disrupt your attacker’s ability from gaining direction, lead and control of the attack. While using the chair or other object as a shield can often be useful initially (especially in a surprise attack) you need to gain dominance and control rapidly through overwhelming force and aggression.

Often not much thought goes into such a split second decision in terms of exactly which object to grab for. There simply isn’t enough time for someone who is being attacked to weigh up the potential effectiveness of one object over another. This will come with experience.

At the end of the day though, almost any object can be used as either a weapon or atleast a shield, some objects that I’m sure you would never have thought of as weapons or even shields. Obviously though, some objects are more effective than others.

The following is a list of a few possible objects you very well might have in your environment that could be employed as improvised weapons or shields:

The flashlight:

A favourite among many a self defense practitioner for years now. Wrap some 550 paracord around it and make a Koppo type weapon or use by itself. Either way it’s a popular alternative weapon (and flashlight!). Can be used to momentarily blind an attacker or as an impact weapon. See specialist knowledge on how to use it most effectively.

Car antenna:

Listen up, in particular women who walk alone in car parks! You can quite quickly break off a metal car antenna and use it to fend off one or more attackers in a whipping action. The strikes can be very painful and effective and will likely at the very least stun and discourage an attacker from continuing. Remember, often these predators are looking for an easy victim. If you prove to the attacker that you’ll be more trouble than your worth, he’s quite likely to discontinue the attack and seek out someone who will give him less trouble.


Not the easiest or most effective option in reality despite often being recommended by defensive instructors. Shouldn’t be your first choice, however if you have nothing else at hand it’s better than nothing. Hold key between middle fingers and use to punch with greater effect. Or can be used to scrape across attacker’s face.

Steel cap boots:

Often overlooked but very legal everywhere and a very painful alternative weapon. Kick attacker in the shins or groin. A real fight stopper with proper aim.


As the saying goes, “The pen is mightier than the sword”. Well, surely that was meant figuratively. In any case, when carrying a sword during your daily business is not a reasonable option (and I can’t imagine it is for most people) a pen makes quite a mighty alternative weapon. Another favorite among seasoned Martialists. Can be used as a stabbing implement or as a makeshift Kubaton. Hold in a pikal grip with your thumb on the clicker or blunt end and stab down or sideways repeatedly with the pointy end outwards. Hit to the liver, other soft appendages and neck for greatest effect. If you know how to use a Kubaton you know how to use a pen as a weapon. Choose a hefty strong metal pen like the now discontinued Rotring 600, a beefy hexagonal pen made of chrome-plated brass. Always legal, always useful for the intelligent and literate person for more than just self-defense, and a good alternative weapon for the concerned self defense practitioner.

The beer bottle, or other glass bottle:

Be careful with this one. Unlike in the movies DO NOT ever first break the bottle on the table thinking you’ll be left with a sharp knife like weapon. You won’t. In reality what you will be left with is a small piece of the bottle’s neck.

That’s it. Nothing sharp protruding at any length and nothing you can use effectively as a weapon.

In fact, for that matter, most of what you see on TV does not work, was never meant to work, and if you try it you’ll probably be in big trouble.

You can still use a glass bottle as a weapon though, just don’t break it on the table first, smash it directly in your attacker’s face! Preferably use a glass bottle full of liquids, as an empty one will be far less effective.

Coffee mug or glass or ceramic cup:

Smash it across your attacker’s face much like the glass bottle.

If you have hot coffee inside at the time, obviously splash it on his face. All the sudden you won’t complain that McDonalds makes their coffee too hot. The hotter the better as an alternative weapon.

If there is alcohol inside your glass, throw it in your attacker’s face. Aim for the eyes for stinging effect.


An old army trick. Use a large one as a makeshift “knuckleduster”. Works well. Punch and hammer fist your attacker’s head and face. Preferably you would have a steel one, but an aluminum type will work well enough if need be.

A chair:

A chair, not only to keep lions at bay they can also keep your attacker at bay or shield you from a knife attack. They also make good larger improvised impact devices, although they are mainly best used as a shield.

Trash can lid:

Another great improvised shield. The trash can itself can be thrown at the BG and might at least give you time to escape or to employ a better weapon.

Dresser drawer:

That’s right, if you’re attacked in your bedroom immediately grab and pull out a drawer from the dresser. Can be used as a shield or even as an impact weapon, much like the laptop or book. Check out your drawers right now and see if they come out completely and easily. If they don’t, try modifying them.

Walking cane/stick:

One of the best alternative weapons. Huge striking power. Easy to use and especially effective with modern Arnis Filipino stick fighting techniques. Always legal, always with you, always right in your hand ready to be used to strike, to disarm or to block an attack. It can however make you seem weaker or partially disabled, and thus can make you a more desirable victim or target to an attacker. Remember, predators target the weakest people, or in other words the people who they think will put up the least amount of fight. Keep this in mind and decide for yourself whether a walking stick is a good option. Certainly, in any case, if you carry a walking stick then do seek out combat stick training.

A padlock:

Devastating weapon, you can only hope to be lucky enough to have one handy. Slip your middle finger inside the steel loop with the rest of the padlock in your fist. Use as makeshift knuckleduster or fist-load. Or swing padlock at your attacker while holding it with one finger and the rest of padlock outwards. Aim for head, as the padlock would be too small to do damage to body.


Usually a hefty solid weapon. Grab it like a frisbee and slam it into your assailant’s head, face, or jam it in his neck or throat. Throw the cigarette butts and ashes in his face as a distraction.


Rolled up it can make an excellent impact weapon. Most effective using quick, strong, short strikes repeatedly to attacker’s face and to other more sensitive areas due to the inherent lack of mass of the magazine.


If you’re a business man in a suit you’ve got an excellent flexible weapon or a possible garrot as part of you wardrobe. If your attacker is in fact the one wearing a tie you can use it to control or disorient him. Grab his tie and pull downwards hard.

Please note: This is one reason I generally advise people not to wear anything that doesn’t break easily around the neck. It is too easy for someone to use it to control you during an attack, just as you can use the same tactic on someone else.


As was recently reported a celebrity used one as a weapon against a pushy paparazzi with great effect. Hold with both hands and slam into your attacker’s face full force or push out and jab it into his face, neck or midsection with the sides/edges of the closed laptop. Can also be used to shield against an attacker’s weapon or strike.


Used much the same way as the laptop. Has thinner and so sharper edges, however on the other hand it also has less mass and might be less painful because of that.

A book:

Not only good for reading and learning. Used much the same way as the laptop and clipboard, although the book would have more heft than a clipboard.


You’re already holding it, and it has a secure handle. Swing it into your attacker’s face/head or use as a shield. Push him away with the briefcase and escape. Open briefcase and take out other alternative weapons that have been mentioned here such as magazine, pen, etc.


You’ll usually have a lamp nearby in your home. Grab it, and smash it across your attacker’s face. Use the cord as a flexible weapon.

Fire extinguisher:

Has been used before with great effect. Devastating power. Aim for head/face. Makes an excellent shield too. Also spray contents directly onto attacker. It will at the least disorient him, it will often even hide your exit due to the cloud of white dust.

Put one in you car. You should have one in your car anyway for fire safety, but it might even save your life if you need to use it as a weapon.

Duct tape:

Not a weapon as such but makes good handcuffs to hold your attacker until the police arrive. Large zip ties are a good alternative to duct tape.

Light switch:

Darkness is a brilliant weapon under the right circumstances. If you are attacked by night, the light switch can be the best “weapon” for defense, without really being a weapon as such. Simply turn the lights off. Darkness is a tactical advantage for you, after all you know the layout of your own house while your attacker does not. You also know where you have other weapons and escape routes. Darkness could also simply give you the time needed to escape. Also, darkness will increase the blinding effectiveness of your flashlight if you are carrying one.


Are you wearing a coat or scarf? A coat or jacket can be used to shield yourself against an attacker’s knife or other weapon. Wrap it around your weak arm, and hit and defend yourself with your strong arm and legs.

The long sleeves can also be used as a flexible weapon for choking or entangling limbs.

If on your bicycle:

Your helmet, tire pump, and flexible bike locks are potential impact devices.

Even the bike itself can act as an effective shield against an attacker. It will act as a good obstruction between you and him giving you time to escape. If need be it can even be thrown at the attacker.

Belt buckle:

A heavy brass or steel one. Can make a great impact weapon. Can even be swung at the attacker since it’s attached to your belt.


Even without a heavy buckle your belt can be one of the best flexible weapons available.


Any spray will do brilliantly. Think about it, what spray do you have around? Hair spray? Deodorant? Air freshener? Silicone spray? I personally have all and more of these sprays right here as I type this, aside from the hair spray. All these sprays will blind your attacker almost as well as pepper spray. If you’re a smoker you probably have a lighter handy. Add a lighter in front of the spray and you’ve got an excellent flame thrower. I’m sure we all tried this when we were kids.

At the very least the spray can be used as an impact weapon if nothing else.


Especially a metal comb.

Can be raked across an attacker’s face repeatedly with good success.


Always another favorite. The larger ones make a good impact weapon and improvised stick fighting weapon. Also a great shield a la Roman style when opened. Some of the full sized ones have a pointy bit protruding, perhaps 2 to 3 inches long, so while you shield yourself you can also push the opened umbrella forward into the attacker’s face and body.

The smaller umbrellas are good too, however of course they are less durable and have less power due to lack of size.


A great common household device. Can cause a lot of damage from use as a striking weapon, and again most irons have an electrical cord that makes a good flexible weapon as well.

A broom or mop:

Another long impact device. Can be used as a long staff for stick fighting techniques. Can also be used to hold the attacker at a distance.

Your car:

While it’s not always justified to use deadly force in this way since it can be argued that if you’re inside your car you are safe, if a gang of hoodlums or an angry middle eastern mob is surrounding your car, you’ve got 3000 pounds worth of effective weaponry on hand. At times deadly force can be justified depending on the situation including any disparity of force between you and the attacker(s) and the resulting danger you face at the time. Your main goal should be to escape in this case, but if necessary run a hoodlum over to affect your escape.

A phone:

Excellent impact device, very handy. A cord phone also makes a good flexible weapon if you’re skilled in using one effectively.

Phones have been used many times as impact devices.


Throw coins from your pocket into the face of your attacker. Another good diversionary tactic.

A packed roll of coins can also make a good fist-load and has been used many times as such.

Sports equipment:

Tennis racket, golf club, pool stick, the obvious and often used baseball bat, dumbbells, etc. All are excellent impact devices. Keep a few golf clubs and balls in your car even if you don’t play. Or a baseball bat and glove and maybe some balls too in order to not raise the suspicion of LEO.


Preferably a heavy steel dive watch. Take the watch off your wrist and wrap it around the fist you punch with (strong arm). The first punch should break the glass and subsequent punches could cut your attacker up. Even if the glass doesn’t break and cut him it’s still a good improvised impact device if need be.


A la Fred Perrin style. Only works with a solid one piece bracelet, not the flexible link type. Take your metal bracelet off and hold in your fist. Use as an impact device to punch with.

Your voice:

Your voice can be a great improvised weapon wherever you are.

Verbally you can often stop, control or at very least influence the direction of an attack. Far too an extensive a subject to get into here. Learn about verbal commands and communication skills for defensive purposes/redirection of attacker’s violent behavior toward you. Sometimes known as verbal judo. Any good martial art or self defense system needs to address this subject.

—- One note on employing flexible weapons:

As you can see a number of the potential weapons I mentioned in this small list are flexible, for example the electrical cord and clothing. Please keep in mind that as with most flexible weapons, specialist knowledge in hand to hand combat is needed for most effective use. Flexible weapons simply aren’t as straight forward as let’s say a chair or even a book which will instinctively be used as a shield often even by people with little or no experience in self defense.

This is merely a small sampling of possibilities. It would be impossible to list for you all the possible alternative use “weapons”/objects you might come across that might be of great defensive use during an attack. The list would be too large, and no one can know what will be available to you in your specific environment at that time. Obviously some environments are richer in potential alternative weaponry than others. It’s you’re job to train yourself to identify these potential weapons out of any objects around you.

From now on look at the objects around you with a different eye. Look at objects in your surroundings through sort of a “weapons” filter. Specifically ask yourself, which ones can make an effective weapon? How would you use it? Will that object really cause hurt to your attacker and disable him, or is it really just a waste of time? Sometimes an object would make such a poor weapon that it’s better to fight unarmed. Learn to accurately evaluate potential weapons in your environment.

No one can really instruct you or show you every object that has the potential to be used as a weapon. Above all it is a mindset that you will have to develop. Preparation and training is the best way to help guarantee a better chance for success in a self defense incident. But once you develop this situational awareness and survival mentality you’ll be much better prepared to defend yourself in any situation than ever before, for you will have an instinctive understanding and application of self defense as a way of life.

Think outside the box, think like a fighter, like someone committed to self preservation and the defense of loved ones from societal predators.

Potential weapons are all around you.

It is now simply a matter of identifying them.


IPv4 Vs IPv6 (Advantages and Disadvantages)


We can see the rapid growth of internet users in last few years and this increase also create challenges for internet management groups, stake holders and service providers. Day by day infrastructure of internet is expanding and we can even enjoy the service of internet in villages and remote areas. Increased of usage also increase online devices. In start internet protocol addressing (a specific IP addressing for each online entity) was designed on 32 bit and this scheme IP version called IPv4.IPv4 addressing is like decimal is used to make the IPv4 addresses more palatable for humans and a 32-bit address becomes 4 decimal numbers separated by the period (.) character. If we calculate these decimal values and we can get the total number of devices can be participate on this protocol (256x256x256x256) = allows for 4,294,967,296 addresses. It is about 4 billion of addresses and in early days of internet no one can think, 4 billion slot will be full. here we shall discus some disadvantages of IPv4 as we have seen addressing capability problem and after that we shall go through the solution which will replace IPv4 and addressing structure of the new addressing scheme. we shall go through some disadvantages of IPv4 and new features of IPv6.

Rapid Growth of the Internet and the Exhaustion of the IPv4 Addressing

IPv4 allows for 4,294,967,296 addresses which is about 4 billion and IP allocation limits the public IP addresses to a few hundred million. Cause of this limitation companies using NAT (Network Address Translator) to map single public IP to multiple private IP addresses.

IPv4 Security at IP Level

When we communicate at public medium we need to encrypt data to maintain security and privacy. After a passage of time we have now security for IPv4 packets. This security knows as internet protocol security or IPSec but this is an optional for IPv4.

Internet Backbone Maintaining Large Routing Tables

In IPv4 network IDs allocation is very critical and currently more than 87000 routes in the routing tables of internet backbone routers today. The routing infrastructure is based on flat and hierarchical routing.

Quality of Service Concern in IPv4

Now a days internet users are not only limited with browsing and searching data. Current users are well aware of text and voice and video chat and video conferences and online video libraries. This kind of communication need real time data transfer for quality of service. Normally for these kind of services we use UDP (User Data-gram Protocol) or TCP (Transmission Control Protocol).IPv4 TOS field has limited functionality and, over time, has been redefined and locally interpreted. Additionally, payload identification that uses a TCP or UDP port is not possible when the IPv4 packet payload is encrypted.


As we can see we have some basic problems in practice of IPv4 now we will check some new features of IPv6. here I like to describe the some of basic features of IPv6. Deployment of IPv6 is a big challenge for internet management groups, stake holders and service providers. It is difficult but not impossible. We can see benefits of IPv6 here. Biggest upgrade jump from IPv4 32 bit to IPv6 128 bit.

IPv6 Header Format

New header is designed to minimize header overhead. by moving both nonessential and optional fields to extension headers that are placed after the IPv6 header. IPv6 header is more efficiently processed at intermediate routers and that generates efficiency. IPv6 is 4 time larger than IPv4 and its header size is twice than older version.

IPv6 Large Addressing Space

In IPv6 source and destination addresses is based on 128 bit. 128 bit addressing can produce over 3.4 x 1038 possible combinations. Currently we can say this is enough but who know about future may be it also face same problem like IPv4 after some decades. 128 bit addressing allow us multiple levels of sub-netting and address allocation. So we can say that we have plenty of address for use in future.

Addressing and Routing Infrastructure Efficiency in IPv6

IPv6 designed to create an efficient, hierarchical, and summarize able routing infrastructure that is based on the common occurrence of multiple levels of Internet Service Providers. It reduce the size of routing table of backbone routers. Which is can cause of efficient internet experience.

Security features is now built-in

IPv6 has been design to support IPsec (AH and ESP header support required) also support mobility version Mobile IPv6. IPSec based on two types of extension headers and a protocol to negotiate security settings. The Authentication header (AH) provides data integrity, data authentication, and replay protection for the entire IPv6 packet. It is better form developers who built-in security features in development of IPv6 rather we bolt on later.

Quality of Service (QoS) of IPv6

As we have already seen about the UDP and TCP protocols for streaming and other multimedia services on internet. Cause the usage of these services are increasing day by day IPv6 have a flow level field in its header which make better and special handling for packets from source to destination. Data traffic is identified in the IPv6 header, support for QoS can be achieved even when the packet payload is encrypted with IPSec and ESP.


Excel Tips – 3 Ways To Protect Your Excel Formulas


In this article I want to share with you 3 ways to protect your Excel formulas.

So, you have spent a long time preparing your Excel spreadsheet solution, and I bet you don’t want anyone to mess up those formulas you have so lovingly created. So, there are a few ways to protect some of those most vulnerable parts of your Excel spreadsheet.

My top 3 ways to protect your Excel Formulas!!

  1. Hide the Formulas.
  2. Lock The Cells That Contain Formulas.
  3. Hide The Formula Bar With Some Simple VBA.

1.Hide The Formulas.

This method will temporarily hide your formulas, but you will be able to use them again if you need to. It’s simple and straight forward. Here we go.

Select all of the cells that contain formulas that you want to hide.

  • Home Tab – Cells Group – Format – Format Cells
  • Navigate to the Protection Tab
  • Check the Hidden option and hit OK

This doesn’t in itself hide your formulas, you need to then protect your worksheet to ensure these settings work.

  • Select Review Tab
  • Changes Group
  • Select Protect Sheet
  • Enter a password and confirm password when prompted
  • That’s all you need to do.

Try selecting the a cell that contains a formula. The formula will not be visible in the formula bar. If you want to see the formulas again simply unprotect your worksheet.

2. Lock The Cells That Contain Formulas.

The second method is to just lock the cells that contain formulas so they cannot be selected or edited by users. By default all cells in a work book are locked, so you will need to unlock them all to start with.

  • Hit CTRL+A to select all of the cells on the worksheet
  • Home Tab – Cells Group -Format – Format Cells
  • Untick Locked, to unlock all of the cells on the worksheet
  • Hit OK

Now all we need to do find all of the cells that contain formulas…

  • Hit F5 to bring up the GoTo Dialog Box
  • Select Special – Formulas – Hit OK
  • All of the cells that contain formulas will be highlighted

Then we need to lock those highlighted cells…

  • Home Tab – Cells Group -Format – Format Cells
  • Navigate to the Protection Tab
  • Check the Locked option and hit OK

This doesn’t in itself lock your formulas, you need to then protect your worksheet to ensure these settings work.

  • Select Review Tab
  • Changes Group
  • Select Protect Sheet
  • Enter a password and confrm password when prompted
  • That’s all you need to do.

3. Hide The Formula Bar With Some Simple VBA

My third method of hiding your formulas is to actually hide the formula bar on the Excel worksheet. This is easily achieved by a very small piece of VBA coding or an Excel Macro.

This macro uses the Application Object and we are looking to use the DisplayFormulaBar property of it.

To use this small piece of coding, you need to insert it into a module in your Excel workbook.

  • Open Visual Basic – by hitting F11 or Developer Tab – Visual Basic – Click Modules, and Add New Module.

Here is the VBA code if you want to copy it. Just paste it into a module you have created as per the instructions above.

Sub HideFormulaBar()

Application.DisplayFormulaBar = False

End Sub

Just as we have hidden the formula bar we can easily write some VBA to show the formula bar again

Sub ShowFormulaBar()

Application.DisplayFormulaBar = True

End Sub

In this instance we set the Application.DisplayFormulaBar to TRUE to display the formula bar.

I use all of these methods in my Excel spreadsheets depending on which I feel is most appropriate for that project I am working on for example it maybe not always appropriate to hide the formula bar altogether if some calculations are still needed to be seen, so I would just hide the sensitive formulas in that case. if it is a purely visual Dashboard solution then hiding the formula bar not only gives room on the Excel display area, but it always makes for a very neat and tidy visual for the Dashboard presentation.


The Benefits of Freedom – The Ability to Pursue Happiness and Success


Freedom! Throughout history, man has fought for the right to be free. Through their efforts, we have come to a new age of success and liberty. So today, let us remind ourselves what freedoms we have and what freedoms we may not be taking advantage of. When it comes to a successful life and the pursuit of happiness, here are the benefits of our freedom.

We are free to set goals of our choosing.

We are free to make our own decisions.

We are free to spend out time, energy and efforts on the pursuit of our happiness.

We are free to add value to our lives and to the lives of others.

We are free to plan our work and our lives and to execute those plans at our own pace.

We are free to live a life of excellence and prosperity.

We are free to think big and to dream boldly.

We are free to improve ourselves and to become educated through the experience of others.

We are free to believe in ourselves, our talents and our abilities.

We are free to ask questions of others to determine how we may help them, improve their lives and add value to them.

We are free to do things today that will improve our life and our well being tomorrow.

We are free to make any amount of money and make any kind of life through the service of others.

We are free to come up with solutions to problems, obstacles and roadblocks to make the world a better place.

We are free to think positive thoughts that enrich our lives and our attitudes.

We are free to pursue any path to success we may choose.

We are free to fill our minds with motivational messages and inspirational insights.

We are free to be determined and persistent in the pursuit of our goals and dreams.

We are free to live a healthy life, to exercise, to be fit in body, mind and spirit.

We are free to laugh and play and have fun in life.

We are free to learn, to experiment, to try new things, to fail and to try again.

We are free to pursue our passions, to contribute to society, to improve the world and to make a difference.

We are free to be happy, optimistic, full of hope and enthusiasm.

We are free to help others in the pursuit of their dreams, on the road to their success.

We are free to come up with better, faster, cheaper and more innovative methods of doing things.

We are free to be the best person, best friend, best student, best parent, best co-worker, best team member we possibly can.

We are free to choose the attitude and our thoughts each day.

We are free to enjoy the journey of life and to choose the path we follow.

Do not take freedom for granted. Enjoy the liberties, the benefits and the rights that have been given to us. Recognize the value in the freedoms that you have and take full advantage of the opportunities we have been given. We can be anything we want. We can think anything we choose. We can take any action we desire. We can use our time in any way. You are free to build the life you want and have the future you desire. Do not be held down by the prisons of procrastination. Do not be limited by fear and doubt. Break away from what has been holding you back from success and enjoy the full benefits of your freedom.

(c) 2010 Knoll Mountain LLC

Bruce Knoll